Hello again my name is Lauren Deipolyi.Welcome to module 2 we’re going to be exploring the state ideology simulation. we aregoing to go over the core creates of the state creed simulate, and then we’regoing to use an example of a hypothetical case to assess hisperceptions implementing the state idea model. And we’ll use this representation to applywhat we’ve learned about the patient according to his perceptions.The healthbelief model was one of the first presumptions that was designed to understandthe use of preventative health services. And it’s based on the idea thatindividuals are only as caused as they comprehend a threat to illness.This model is typically used when a patient has not yet reached an overtdisease stage. This is a comprehensive framework that’s proven effective inpreventing illnes because it is used as a guidebook for explaining convert and themaintenance of health behavior changes and interventions. The core frames ofthe state ideology simulate are perceived benefits and recognized barriers.And thepatient’s saw menace. Self-efficacy and clues to action. Modifying variablesare all the little factors that contribute to the patient’s case, these specific, unique variables are what affect the patient’s perception of theirhealth or infection. And these things change their seen threat position andthe ability to succeed in acquiring positive changes. Modifying ingredients arethe patient’s age belief gender all the little structural and psychosocialconditions as well like peer push or social criteria, family history priorknowledge of disease, education, revenues and things of that nature.Perceived seriousness is the patient’s understanding of how serious it is thatthey may get sick or stay sick and how risky that sickness might actuallybe.And realized susceptibility is the patient’s opinionof how at-risk they are for worsening or developing an adverse condition illnessor disease. Perceived helps are when the patient thinks that making a changeis going to produce a positive outcome and change in their health toreduce health risks. So if the patient says that their symptoms will improve ifthey start eating more regular banquets throughout the day and increasing theirwater intake, then they have a high realized benefit to making a behaviorchange.The comprehended obstacles individual patients may utter are expenses like moreexpensive food, high cost of drugs or adds-on, likewise timeconstraints like category states that might keep them from spawning alters forthemselves. anything that may prevent their ability to do so, watching children, acting, things like that and any other challenges or negative aspects that theyperceive can be associated with making a health behavior change. Self-efficacy isthe person’s confidence in their ability to actually establish the vary so a personwho believes in themselves is likely going to be more successful in changingand improving health behavior than person with low-grade confidence in theirabilities. Clues to action can be several things, the person may express readinessbecause their condition has worsened, they may gain new information or awareness into their condition or the severity of their condition. And they could justacknowledge other lent added benefits to making positive health behaviorchange, like weight loss. They are also welcome to be guided by a doctor, a friend or familymember or perhaps they’ve heard about their statu on TV, maybe acommercial they saw something about it on the internet and that motivates themto engage in a action change.So now that we’ve gone through this framework andgained an understanding of the components of the framework I’m kind ofthrowing off a bit now because I just wanted to give you kind of a differentdepiction of the prototype it has the same core frames it’s just laid down by alittle differently and this edition is from the textbook state demeanor changeand education by glenz which is available to download online, it’s agreat book if you’re interested in browsing through it. Ok, so for example we’ll go through the health belief sit utilizing a hypotheticalpatient. this is a 38 time old person he has a high school education andhe has a low income position, he’s recently diagnosed with form 2 diabetes and he’sput on metformin. he has no family history of diabetes and so he has noproduct experience dealing with it he’s never seen the outcomes of untreateddiabetes or has had any experience in handling how that can transpire.Thesemodifying milieu are probably going to result in a decreased understandingof diabetes and how to manage it. This is likely going to decrease his perceivedseverity of diabetes or the complications that they are able develop if hemaintains his same lifestyle alternatives. And he probably won’t believe that hiscurrent milieu can detriment his eyes, his kidneys, his hoof, or guts. he has alow recognized susceptibility to increase probabilities “hes not” definitely concernedhimself with his value or losing load, so there’s no realized benefit to hisdietary behaviors to modifying them. He expresses a bunch of barriers to change, he tells you that he doesn’t have time to eat regular meals he never has eatenbreakfast, he doesn’t like to drink water, he promotes sugar honied beverageslike sweet tea, soda and fruit juice. He says he doesn’t like the delicacy of water, never truly imbibe it and he doesn’t enjoy veggies and prefers to eatquick easy packaged snacks for breakfast and usually ingests out for you knowfast-food restaurant or something like that for dinner. So far it seems like hehas a reasonably low-grade realized threat.It appears that he’s unlikely to make abehavior change. so, do we give up on this chap and justlet him develop a exacerbate ailments? of course now! we’re going to utilizethe information that we’ve secured and we’re gonna help him overcome hisperceived barriers to hopefully be engage in behavior change. so there are progressive courses we can apply the concepts of the health beliefmodel, we can help this patient increase his perceived susceptibility andseverity by personalizing the risk. I’m expending our 38 time old male examplewe can inform him of the risks that are actually associated with his conditionletting him know what could happen long-term. informing him of theconsequences might result in dismissing or you know that would result from himignoring or dismissing his diagnosis he now has an idea of what couldpotentially happen down the road. of course, we don’t want to increase hislevel of distres but we’re going to try to inform him of what some of the actualrisks associated with his state are.We can provide him with informationpamphlets or website so that he can find out some more information on his own andthis is also gonna promote his self-efficacy. we are able to spotlit thebenefits to making alters telling him know how much better he’s going to feeland show him that his quality of life will actually increase if he can makesome behavior reforms his long-term health will improve. we can providehim with the opportunity to ask questions and make him know what thepositive results that he will expect if he adheres to proper nutrient intake forhis personal condition.After identifying his perceived hindrances we can give himtools and tips for reducing them. he said he hop-skip breakfast if we are to be able suggestways that he was able to have speedy easy economical breakfasts that are in linewith the diabetes handling project. informing him of different packagedsnacks that he could have in the morning for breakfast instead of you know thehoney buns or or Pop Pasty that he was munching before, something that’s more inline with his specific diagnosis. such patients will too benefit from areferral to a registered dietitian or nutritionist for more cure if absence ofnutrition lore is a recognized barrier going forward but we can justhighlight the importance of even drinking water throughout the day andoffer other healthier modes for him to intake sea by adding spice to avoidconsuming the carbohydrate candied beverages that he “says hes” usually spent. We canalso furnish accessible ways for him to obtain accessible beginnings like going to see a regional nutrient bank, or showing Supplemental NutritionAssistance Programs if we think there’s a is essential for that if he’s expressed thatthere’s huge fiscal impediments he had mentioned that he is on a plan sothere are other behaviors we can go about that while trying to keep self-efficacyin mind and to be informed that you know ultimately he’s in the driver’s seat ofhis decision-making but we’re there to provide him with available resources asnecessary.Now cues to action or methods that we canhelp build our patient’s awareness provide how-to information anddemonstrating management tools. Providing cues to action can be in the form ofeducational materials on the importance of certain behavior modifies, offering atemplate or an application to keep a food enter that route he gets a better senseof his daily intake. we could also suggest that he placed remembers on hisphone for snacks so that he gobbled more regularly and that he’s consuming foodthroughout the day instead of just something small in the morning and thena big dinner at night.We could also demonstrate other routes that he couldbetter management his position simply by, you are familiar with, setting little remembrances aroundhis house to drink water, deterring a special cup around so that the committee continues to refill it throughout the day. mostly we want to provide behaviors thathe can overcome his railings through tiny mutually determined goals and thisis some of the ways that we are encouraging our case self-efficacy by helping tobuild new coping knowledge administration mechanisms and leader them towardsattaining our mutually prepared goals. We hope to build the patient’s confidence andreduce their distres involving forming modifications. so for our diabetic patient whohad low-pitched seen seriousnes seriousness and low-toned likelihood of action we’re goingto continue to appropriately educate him, him with guidance and offeringskills change as needed. Then throughout our conversation we’re goingto verbally reinforce his positive qualities and cleverness while we guidehim towards his own self-reflection and his perceived needs to completerecommend actions.So now that you’ve beenintroduced to the creates of the help belief model in an individual care, I’dlike you to look at the assigned predicts which explore how the healthbelief pattern has been used to develop large more community levelinterventions and some population involvements. I would also like you tocomplete the case study assignment which has a few different case studies thatwill incorporate both the principles of motivational interviewing while youassess the individual utilizing the state creed framework. Andthen it says literature review but that’s not actually the work forthe week, I changed the work it’s actuallygoing to be you’ll be picking a topic that will you’ll be doing an assignmentin module 4 where you’re going to present resources to the rest of theclass and to me assessing different ways that a patientat their certain tier of change could be given cues to action and beprovided with information and education at different stages of their position ofchange. So ignore the literature review part and you’ll verify the assignmentslisted on the module to outline.thank you so much better for watching and let me knowif you have any questions. here are my invokes and I hope you have a greatday. thanks.