This period is on natural wonders, and the bigger conferenceis on the pursuit of happiness. I want to try to combine them all, because to me, regenerating is reallythe ultimate natural wonder. Your body has a remarkablecapacity to begin healing itself, and much more quicklythan parties had once realized, if you simply stop doingwhat’s causing the problem. And so, genuinely, so much better of what we doin medicine and living in general is focused on mopping up the floorwithout too turning off the faucet. I adoration doing this work, because it actually demonstrates countless peoplenew hope and brand-new preferences that they didn’t have before, and it allows us to talkabout things that — not just diet, but that happiness is not — we’re talking aboutthe pursuit of happiness, but when you really lookat all the spiritual institutions, what Aldous Huxley calledthe “perennial wisdom, ” when you get past the refers and formsand procedures that divide beings, it’s really about –our nature is to be happy; our sort is to be pleasant, our mood is to be healthy.And so happiness is not something you get, health is generally notsomething that you get, but rather, all of thesedifferent traditions — you know, the ancient swamis and rabbisand pastors and friars and nuns didn’t develop these techniquesto really oversee stress or lower your blood pressureor unclog your routes, even though it can do all those things. They’re powerful tools for transformation, for quieting down our subconsciou and torsoes to allow us to experiencewhat it feels like to be happy, to be harmonious, to be joyful and to realize that it’s notsomething that you prosecute and get, but rather, it’s something that youhave already, until you perturb it. I studied yoga for many yearswith a schoolteacher identified Swami Satchidananda. People would say, “What are you, a Hindu? ” He’d say, “No, I’m an undo.”( Laughter) It’s about distinguish what’s causing us to disturbour innate health and pleasure and then to allowthat natural healing to occur.To me, that’s the real natural wonder. So, within that larger context, we can talk about diet, stress handling — which are reallythese spiritual practises — moderate use, smoking cessation, support groups and community, which I’ll talk more about, and some vitamins and augments. And it’s not a diet. When people thinkabout the food I recommend, they think it’s really strict. For reversing malady, that’s what it takes. But if you’re just trying to be health, you have a spectrum of choices.To the degree that you can movein a healthy direction, you’re going to live longer, feel right, lose weight, and so on. And in our studies, what we’ve been able to do is to use very expensive, high-tech, state-of-the-art measures to prove how strong these very simpleand low-tech and low-cost — and in many ways, ancient –interventions is likely to be. We first began by lookingat heart disease. When I began doing this work2 6 or 27 several years ago, it was thought that once you haveheart disease, it can only get worse. What we procured was, instead of getting worse and worse, in many cases, it could get better and better, and much more quicklythan parties had once recognized. This is a representative patientwho, at the time, was 73, told he needed to have a bypass, decided to do this instead.We abused quantitative arteriography, testifying the constricting. This is one of the main arteriesthat feeds the heart, and you can see the narrowing now. A year later, it’s not as choked; commonly, it moves the other direction. These child the changing nature of barriers effected a 300 percentimprovement in blood flow, and using cardiac positron-emissiontomography, or PET, checks — off-color and black is no blood flow, orange and lily-white is maximal — huge differences can occurwithout medications, without surgery. Clinically, he couldn’t walkacross the street without get severe chest pain. Within a month, like most people, he was pain-free, and within a year, clambering morethan 100 floorings a era on a StairMaster. “Thats really not” peculiar, and it’s part of what enables peopleto maintain these kinds of changes, because it makes a big differencein their quality of life.If you looked at all the arteriesin all the patients, they got worse and worse from one yearto five years in the likenes group. This is the natural historyof heart disease. But it’s really not natural; we foundit could get better and better, and much more quickly than beings imagined. We likewise ascertained the more parties varied, the better they got. It wasn’t a functionof how old or sick they only, but to seeing how much they altered. The oldest patients improvedas much as the young ones. I went this Christmas card a few years agofrom patients in one of our curricula. The younger brother is 86; the older one is 95. They wanted to show mehow much more flexible they were. The following year they sent this, which I thought was funny.( Laughter) You only never know. And what we foundwas that 99 percent of individual patients stopped or overturned the progressionof their heart disease.Now, I concluded if we justdid good science, that would change medical rehearsal. But that was naive. It’s important, but not enough, because we doctors dowhat we get paid to do and trained to do what we get paid to do, so if we change insurance, then we changemedical practise and medical education. Coverage will encompass the bypassand angioplasty but won’t, until recently, cover diet and lifestyle.So we started off, through our nonprofitinstitute, discipline infirmaries around the country, and we found that most peoplecould shun surgery. And not only was it medicallyeffective, it was also cost-effective. The insurance companies foundthat they began to save nearly 30,000 dollars individual patients, and Medicare is now in the middleof make a demo job, paying for 1,800 peopleto go through the program in the sites we instruct. The fortuneteller says, “I pay smokers a reject, because there’s not so much better to tell.”( Laughter) I like this slide, because it’s a chance to talk aboutwhat really causes beings to change and what doesn’t.What doesn’t work is fear of dying, and that’s what’s normally used. Everybody who smokesknows it’s not good for you. Still, 30 percentage of Americans smoking, 80 percent in some regions of the world. Why do beings do it? Well, because it helps themget through the day. I’ll talk more about this, but the real epidemic isn’t justheart disease or obesity or smoking, it’s loneliness and hollow. One female said, “I’ve got 20 friendsin this pack of cigarettes. They’re always there for me, and nobody else is. You’re going to take away my 20 friends? What are you going to give me? ” Or they devour when they get depressedor use alcohol to numb the anguish or work too hard or watch too much TV.There are lots of ways we have of avoidingand counting and bypassing anguish, but the extent of all of thisis to deal with the cause of the problem. The aching is not the problem, it’s the symptom. And telling people they’re going to dieis too spooky to be considered, or that they’ll come emphysemaor a heart attack is too scary, and they don’t want to thinkabout it, so they don’t. The most effectiveanti-smoking ad was this one. You’ll notice the stagger cigarettehanging out of his cheek. And the headline is “Impotent, “it’s not “Emphysema.” What was the biggest-sellingdrug of all time, when it was introduced a few years ago? Viagra, right? Why? Because a lot of guys need it. It’s not like you say, “Joe, I’m havingerectile dysfunction. How about you? ” And hitherto, look at the numberof drugs that are being sold.It’s not so muchpsychological, it’s vascular, and nicotine makesyour arteries choke. So does cocaine, so does a high-fat diet, so does feeling stress. So the most demeanors that we think ofas being so sexy in our culture are the awfully ones that leaveso many people feeling tired, sleepy, chilled and impotent. And that’s not much enjoyable. But when you change those demeanors, your mentality gets more blood, you think more clearly, have more vitality, your soul gets more blood, as I’ve show you. Your sexual operate improves. These things occur within hours. This is a study: a high-fat meal, within one or two hours, blood flow is measurably less. And you’ve all experiencedthis at Thanksgiving.When you chew a big fatty meal, how do you feel? You feel kind of sleepy subsequentlies. On a low-fat meal, the blood flowdoesn’t go down — it even goes up. Many of you have kids, and you knowthat’s a big change in your lifestyle. People are not afraidto realise big changes in lifestyle if they’re worth noting. And the mystery is that when you makebig changes, you get big benefits, and you feel so much better so quickly. For numerous people, this really is hand-pickeds worth drawing — not to live longer, but to live better. I want to talk a little bitabout the obesity epidemic, because it really is a problem. Two-thirds of adultsare overweight or obese, and diabetes in kids and 30 -year-olds has increased 70 percentin the last 10 times. It’s no joke, it’s real. And exactly to show you this, this is from the CDC.These are not election returns; these are the percentage of peoplewho are overweight. And if you is evident from’ 85 to’ 86 to’ 87,’ 88,’ 89,’ 90,’ 91 — you get a brand-new category, 15 to 20 percentage;’ 92,’ 93,’ 94,’ 95,’ 96,’ 97 –you get a new list;’ 98,’ 99, 2000 and 2001. Mississippi, more than 25 percentof people are overweight. Why is this? Well, “thats one” wayto lose weight that works is a good one –( Laughter) but it doesn’t last-place, which is the problem.( Laughter) Now, there’s no mysteryin how you lose weight; you either burn more calories by employ or you gobble fewer calories. Now, one highway to eat fewer caloriesis to eat less food, which is why you can lose weighton any nutrition if you chew less meat, or if you restrictentire categories of nutrients. But the problem is, you get hungry, so it’s hard to keep it off.The other road is to changethe type of menu. And overweight has nine calories per gram, whereas protein and carbs only have four. So when you eat less fatty, you ingested fewercalories without having to eat less meat. So you can eat the same amount of nutrient, but you’re getting fewer calories because the foodis less dense in calories. And it’s the volume of menu that affectssatiety, rather than the type. I don’t like talking about the Atkinsdiet, but I get asked about it, so felt I’d deplete a few minutes on it. The delusion that you listen is, Americans have been told to eat less solid, the percentage of calories from fatty is down, Americans are fatter than ever, hence overweight doesn’t procreate you fat.It’s a half-truth. Actually, Americans are eatingmore solid than ever, and even more carbs. So the percentage is lower, but the actual amount is higher, so the goal is to reduce both. Dr. Atkins and I debated each othermany times before he died, and we agreed that Americans eattoo many simple carbs, the “bad carbs.” And these are things like –( Laughter) carbohydrate, white flour, grey rice, alcohol.And you get a double whammy: you get all these caloriesthat don’t crowd you up because you’ve removed the fiber, and they get absorbed quicklyso your blood sugar zooms up. Your pancreas realise insulinto producing it back down, which is good, but insulin acceleratesthe conversion of calories into fat. So the goal is not to go to pork husks, bacon and sausages — these are not health foods — but to go from “bad carbs”to “good carbs.” These are things like whole foodsor unrefined carbs. Fruits, vegetables, whole wheat flour, brown rice, in their natural words, are rich in fiber. The fiber fills you upbefore you get too many calories and it slow-witted the absorption, so you don’t getthat rapid rise in blood sugar. And you get allthe disease-protective elements. It’s not just what you excludefrom your nutrition, but also whatever it is you includethat’s protective. Simply as all carbs are not bad for you, all fattens are not bad; there are good fats.These are predominantlywhat are announced omega-3 fatty battery-acids. You find them, for example, in fish oil. Bad solids are things liketrans-fatty acids in processed food and saturated fattens, which we find in meat. If you recollect nothing elsefrom this talk: three grams a day of fish petroleum can reducethe risk of heart attack and sudden death by 50 to 80 percent. Three grams a day. They come in one-gram vessels; more than that simply gives youextra solid you don’t need. It too helps reduce the riskof the most common cancers, like breast, prostate and colon. The difficulty with the Atkins diet is, everyone knows peoplewho’ve lost value on it, but you can lose weighton amphetamines and fen-phen; there are lots of ways of losing weightthat aren’t good for you.You want to do itin a way that enhances your health , not one that mischief it. The problem is, it’s based on this half-truth: Americans eat too many simple carbs, so if you devoured fewer, you’ll lose weight, and even more weightif you snack whole nutrients and less overweight, and you’ll enhance your healthrather than harming it. He says, “I’ve got good news. While your cholesterol levelhas remained the same, the research findings have changed.”( Laughter) Now what happens to your heartwhen you go on an Atkins diet? The blood-red is good; at the beginningand a year later. This is from a study in a peer-reviewedjournal called “Angiology.” There’s more red after a yearon a diet like I would recommend, there’s less red, little blood flowafter a year on an Atkins-type diet.So, yes, you can lose weight, but your soul isn’t joyful. Now one of the studiesfunded by the Atkins Center found that 70 percentof the person or persons were constipated, 65 percentage had bad gulp, 54 percentage had headaches — this is not a healthy method to eat. So you might start to lose weightand start to attract beings towards you, but when they get too close, it’s going to be a problem.( Laughter) And more seriously, there are casereports now of 16 -year-old girls who died after a few weekson the Atkins diet, of bone disease, kidney canker, and so on. And that’s how your body excretes waste — through your breath, bowels and perspiration. So when you go on these kindsof nutrition, they begin to smell bad. An optimal food is low in fat, low-grade in the bad carbs, high-pitched in the good carbsand fairly of the very best fattens. And then, again, it’s a range: when you move in this direction, you’re going to lose weight, you’ll feel right, and you’ll gain health.There are ecological reasonsfor ingesting lower on the food chain more, whether it’s the deforestationin the Amazon or realizing more protein available to the four billion peoplewho live on a dollar per day , not to mention whateverethical concerns parties have. So there are lots of reasonsfor eating this course that go beyond only your state. Now, we’re about to publishthe firstly study looking at the effects of this programon prostate cancer, in collaborationwith Sloan Kettering and UCSF. We took 90 men who hadbiopsy-proven prostate cancer, “whos had” elected, for grounds unrelatedto the study , not to have surgery. We could randomly part theminto two groups, and then we could have one group that is a noninterventioncontrol group to compare to, which you can’t do with, say, breast cancer, because everybody gets treated. We found that after a year , nothing of the experimental radical patientswho obligated these lifestyle conversions needed treatment, while six of the ensure radical patientsneeded surgery or radiation.When we looked at their PSA levels, which is a marker for prostate cancer, they get worse in the authority groupbut went better in the experimental radical. And the differenceswere highly significant. I wondered — was there any closer relations between how much people changedtheir diet and lifestyle, whichever group they were in, and the changes in PSA? And sure enough, we founda dose-response relationship, just like we did in the arterialblockages in our cardiac studies. And in order to be allowed to for the PSA to go down, they had to induce big changes.I then wonderedif they’re just changing their PSA, but it’s not really affectingthe tumor emergence. So we took some of their bloodserum and sent it to UCLA. They contributed it to service standards lineof prostate tumor cells growing in tissue culture, and it hindered the growthseven times bigger in the experimental group than in the dominance group –7 0 versus 9 percent. Ultimately, I wonderedif there’s any closer relations between how much beings changed and how much it inhibitedtheir tumor proliferation, whichever radical they were in. And this really got meexcited because again, we attained the same pattern: the more people change, the more it affectedthe growth of their tumors.Finally, we did MRI and MR spectroscopyscans on some of these patients. The tumor activityis shown in red in this patient, and “youre seeing” clearly it’s better a yearlater, along with the PSA going down. If it’s true for prostate cancer, it’ll almost certainly be truefor breast cancer. And whether or not you haveconventional treatment, in addition, if you do these changes, it may help reduce the risk of recurrence. The last thing I would like to speak about, apropos of the issueof the pursuit of happiness, is that study after study has shown that people who are lonelyand chilled — and sadnes is the otherreal epidemic in our culture — are many times more likelyto get sick and die prematurely, in part because, as we spoke, they’re more likely to smoke, overeat, drink too much, work too hard, and so on.But too, through mechanismsthat we don’t fully understand, people who are lonelyand chilled are many times — three to five to ten timesin some studies — more likely to get sickand die prematurely. And feeling is treatable.We need to do something about that. Now on the other hand, anythingthat promotes intimacy is salving. It is likely to be sex intimacy — I happen to think healing energyand lascivious intensity are just different formsof the same thing.Friendship, altruism, empathy, work — all the perennial truthsthat we spoke that are part of all religionand all cultures, formerly you stop tryingto see the differences — these are the thingsthat are in our own self-interest, since they are free usfrom our tolerate and our disease. And it’s, in a certain sense, the most selfish thing that we can do. Just to look at one study, done by David Spiegel at Stanford. He took women with metastaticbreast cancer, haphazardly divided them into two groups. One radical converge for an hour and a halfonce a few weeks in a supporting group. It was a nurturing, enjoying environment, where they were encouragedto let down their feelings justifications and talk about how nasty it isto have breast cancer with people who understoodbecause they were going through it too.They met once a few weeks for a year. Five years later, those womenlived twice as long. And that was the only differencebetween different groups. It was a randomized verify studypublished in “The Lancet.” Other studies have shown this as well. So these simple thingsthat create intimacy are really salving. Even the word “healing”comes from the root “to make whole.” The word “yoga” comesfrom the Sanskrit, making “union, ” “to yoke, to bring together.” The last slither I want to show youis from — again, this swami that I studiedwith for so many years. I did a blended oncologyand cardiology majestic rounds at the University of Virginiamedical school a couple years ago. And following the adjournment of it, individual said, “Hey, Swami, what’s the differencebetween wellness and illness? ” So he went up on the boardand wrote the word “illness” and curved the first symbol, then wrote the word “wellness, ” and circled the first two letters.To me, it’s just shorthandfor what we’re talking about: that anything that creates a senseof connection and community and adore is really healing. And then we can enjoy “peoples lives” more fullywithout going sick in the process. Thank you.( Applause ).